Períodos Artísticos de Pablo Picasso

history year by year.

-1881: Pablo Ruiz Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga. First-born son of Don José Ruiz Blasco (1838 - 1913) and of Doña María Picasso López (1855 - 1939). His father, a painter and professor at the San Telmo School of Arts and Crafts, is from the north, and his mother is Andalusian.


-1884: Birth of the first sister, Dolores (Lola).


-1887: Birth of the second sister, Concepción (Conchita).


-1888/89: He begins to paint directed by his father.


-1891: Transfer to La Coruña, where the father works as a drawing teacher. Death of his sister

Conchita. He attends classes at the La Guardia Institute. Help his father paint.


-1892: Enters the School of Fine Arts in La Coruña. His father teaches him.


-1894: Writes and illustrates his diaries. The father recognizes the extraordinary ability of his son Pablo, hands him his brush and palette and decides never to paint again.


-1895: The family leaves for Barcelona. He entered the "La Lonja" School of Fine Arts, where his father taught. He skips the first courses and passes the admission exam for the higher courses with a very good grade.


-1896: First study in Barcelona. His first great "Academicist" oil is exhibited: "First Communion".


-1897: His second oil painting "Ciencia y Caridad" (Picasso Museum, Barcelona) obtains an honorable mention at the National Exhibition of Fine Arts in Madrid. His uncle sends money so that Pablo can study in Madrid. He passes the entrance exam for the upper year of the San Fernando School of Fine Arts in Madrid, which he leaves again in winter.


-1898: Sick of scarlet fever returns to Barcelona. Long stay with his friend Pallarés in the town Horta de Ebro. Landscape studies.


-1899: Again in Barcelona. He frequents the artists and intellectuals café "Els Quatre Gats"; There he met, among others, the painters Junyer-Vidal, Nonell, Suñer and Casagemas, the sculptor Hugué, the Soto brothers, the poet Sabartés who later became his secretary and inseparable friend. He knows and is interested in the work of Toulouse-Lautrec and Steinlen. Makes illustrations for newspapers; first etching.


-1900: Share a workshop with Casagemas in Barcelona. Exhibition of approximately 150 drawings in "Els Quatre Gats". In October he travels to Paris. Share the workshop with Casagemas in Montmartre. See works by Cézanne, Toulouse-Lautrec, Degas, Bonnard, etc. The dealer Manach offers him 150 francs a month in exchange for a certain number of paintings. Berthe Weill buys him three taurine-themed cakes. He paints "Le Moulin de la Galette" (Salomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York), his first Parisian painting. In December he traveled with Casagemas to Barcelona and Malaga.


-1901: Casagemas commits suicide in Paris. Picasso travels to Madrid; There he is co-editor of the magazine "Arte Joven". In May, second trip to Paris. Workshop on Boulevard de Clichy 130. First Parisian exhibition with Vollard; sells 150 paintings before the opening. From now on he signs the paintings only with "Picasso", his mother's surname. After the themes inspired by Parisian life, there are themes such as: poverty, old age and loneliness. His palette is almost monochrome: bluish green; the blue period begins.


-1902: His contract with Manach ends. Return to Barcelona. In April, exhibition in Paris organized by Berthe Weill. Evolution of blue monochrome. In October third trip to Paris. He lives in the house of the poet Max Jacob. At that time he only made drawings because he did not have money to buy canvases. Weill exposes the "blue" pictures.


-1903: In January he returns to Barcelona. In 14 months he painted more than fifty paintings, including "La Vie". Intense blue expresses misery and decrepitude.


-1904: Final transfer to Paris. Study in "Bateaux-Lavoir" on 13 Ravignan street (until 1909). He meets Fernande Olivier, who will be his lover for seven years. He frequently visits the "Lapin Agile" bar and the Médrano circus (inspiration for circus and acrobatic themes). End of the blue era.


-1905: He meets Apollinaire and the brothers Leo and Gertrude Stein. He often paints figures with circus themes, including "The family of acrobats." The pink season begins. In summer he travels to Schoorl, in Holland. First sculpture. Series of etchings "Los volantineros".


-1906: In the Louvre he sees an exhibition of Iberian sculptures that impress him. Meet Matisse, Derain and the dealer Kahnweiller. Volard buys most of the "rose" paintings, and for the first time Picasso manages to have a comfortable financial position. He goes to his parents' house with Fernande; From Barcelona, ​​continue to Gósol (Lérida). There he painted "La Toilette". Influences of Iberian sculpture: "Portrait of Gertrude Stein" and "Self-portrait with a palette".


-1907: Paints "Self-portrait". After many notes and preliminary studies, he finished in July his great painting "The young ladies of Avignon": the first Cubist painting before the "invention" of Cubism. See African sculptures at the Museum of Ethnology. The period called "Black Epoch" begins. Apollinaire introduces him to Braque. Kahnweiler, delighted with the "Demoiselles" painting, is now his only dealer.


-1908: Paints numerous "African" nudes. In summer he moved with Fernande to La Rue des Bois, in the north of Paris. Paint figures and landscapes. Braque exhibits his first cubist paintings from L 'Estanque. In November a banquet in honor of Rousseau is held in Picasso's studio.


-1909: Paints "Fruit bowl and bread on a table". (Abandonment of the central perspective and the fragmentation of the forms in numerous planes, stereometric work). In May she goes to Barcelona with Fernande to visit her parents and friends. He then continues to travel to Horta de Ebro. There he paints landscapes and portraits. It is the most productive period of your career. To analytical cubism already belongs "La reserva, Horta de Ebro". Portrait of Fernande "Woman with Pears". In September he changes his address, this time to Boulevard de Clichy 11, where Braque also lives. Make a sculpture of "Fernande". Exhibits for the first time in Germany (Thannhauser Gallery, Munich).


-1910: Completes the famous cubist paintings by Vollard, Kahnweiller and the critic Uhde. They spend the summer with Fernande in Cadaqués and are joined by Derain and his wife.


-1911: First exhibition in New York. In summer he settled in Céret with Fernande and Braque. For the first time he introduces spellings in his compositions. You have to return to the Louvre two Iberian sculptures that you had bought without knowing they were stolen. Crisis in his relationship with Fernande. He meets Eva Gouel (Marcelle Humbert) whom he calls "Ma jolie". He paints "Man with Mandolin".


-1912: First construction with sheet metal and wire. First collage "Still life with a mesh chair", made with waxed rubber that imitates a work with interlaced straw. Picasso goes with Eva to Céret, from there to Avignon and later to Sorgues, where they meet Braque. First series of collages: montage of newspaper clippings, labels, advertisements, with charcoal on paper. In September he moved from Montmartre to Montparnasse, Boulevard Raspail 242. He signed a three-year contract with Kahnweiller.


-1913: Spring spends in Céret, with Eva, Braque and Derain. Death of his father in Barcelona. Collages lead to synthetic cubism (large, flat, drawing-like shapes). Eva and Pablo return sick to Paris. New address change, this time to 5 Schoelcher Street.


-1914: The painting "Los Saltimbanquis" fetches 11,500 francs at auction. In June he goes with Eva to Avignon; he meets there with Braque and Derain. He paints "pointillist" pictures. War breaks out, Braque and Derain are mobilized. Kahnweiller goes to Italy, his gallery is confiscated. Picasso's paintings turn dark.


-1915: Realistic pencil portraits of Max Jacob and Vollard. Paint "Harlequin".


-1916: Through Cocteau he meets the Russian businessman Diaghilew and the composer Satie. Ballet project "Parade" for the "Russian Ballet" with decorations by Picasso. Change of address to Montrouge, calle Victor Hugo 22.


-1917: Travel with Cocteau to Rome. Joins Diaguilew's company. Makes designs for the ballet "Parade". Meet Strawinsky and Russian dancer Olga Koklowa. Visit Naples and Pompeii. Through Olga he travels with the company to Madrid and Barcelona. Olga leaves Diaghilew's company and stays with Picasso. In November they return to Montrouge. Picasso paints "pointillist" pictures.


-1918: Through the ballet Picasso comes into contact and relates to "high" society; change your lifestyle. Rosenberg is your new dealer. He marries Olga. They spend their honeymoon in Biarritz. Death of Apollinaire. He is going to live with Olga in a two-story house on 23 La Boétie street.


-1919: He meets Miró and buys him a painting. He spends three months in London working with the "Russian Ballet". Sets and costumes for the ballet "El Sombrero de Tres Picos"; draws pictures of the dancers. In summer he goes with Olga to Saint-Raphael, on the Côte d'Azur. He paints "Peasants Sleeping" and still lifes in a cubist style.


-1920: Stravinsky's "Pulcinella" is released, with sets and costumes by Picasso, Kahnweiller returns from exile. Spend the summer with Olga in Sain-Raphael and Juan-les Pins. "Gouaches" with themes from the Comedy of Art.


-1921: His son Paul is born. In his paintings the theme "Mother and Son" appears again. Keep making sets and costumes for ballet. Uhde and Kahnweiller collections, which had been requisitioned by the French during the war, are up for auction. Summer with Olga and Paul at Fontainebleau. He paints "Three Musicians" and several compositions with monumental figures.


-1922: The collector Doucet buys the "Demoiselles de Avignon" for 25,000 francs. Summer with Olga and Paul in Dinard (Brittany). There he painted "Two Women Running on the Beach" ("The Race"). In winter, he paints the curtain for Cocteau's ballet "Antígona".


-1923: Harlequin portraits in the neoclassical style. Spend the summer in Cap d 'Antibes; their mother visits them there. He paints "The Pan Flute" and draws pictures of bathers. In Paris he painted portraits of Olga and Paul.

-1924: Paints large still lifes in the cubist style. She makes decorations for ballet again. Holidays with Olga and Paul in Juan-les Pins. It portrays "Paul Dressed as a Harlequin". Breton publishes "Manifeste du Surréalisme".


-1925: In spring he goes with Olga and Paul to Monte Carlo. He paints "The Dance", a painting that alludes to his tense relations with Olga. Summer in Juan-les Pins. There he painted "Workshop with a Head in Plaster" with objects from his son Paul's puppet theater. In November he participates in a surrealist exhibition.


-1926: Make a series of "assemblages" (assemblages made with found objects such as: shirt, cloths, nails, strings) for the theme Guitar. Holidays in Juan-les Pins and Antibes. In October he travels to Barcelona with Olga.


-1927: He meets 17-year-old Marie-Thérèse Walter on the street, who soon after will become his lover. Juan Gris dies. Series of pen drawings of bathers, where sexuality and aggression are combined.


-1928: First sculpture since 1914. He frequents the workshop of the sculptor González. Summer with Olga and Paul in Dinard. He is secretly seen with Marie-Thérèse. Small and brightly colored paintings. Make different wire constructions as a model for the Apollinaire monument.


-1929: Works with González in sculptures and wire constructions. He paints a series of aggressive paintings that reflect his marital crisis. Summer in Dinard.


-1930: He makes metal sculptures in González's workshop. Paint "Crucifixion". Holidays in Juan-les Pins. Buy the Boisgeloup castle in Gisors, north of Paris. Thirty etchings on Ovid's "Metamorphoses". Find a house for Marie-Thérèse at Rue La Boétie 44.


-1931: Sculpture "Head of a Woman" made with a strainer. He sets up his sculpture workshop in Boisgeloup. Make a series of large sculptures and busts. Holidays in Juan-les Pins. Appearance of a cycle of etchings published by Skira a Vollard.


-1932: Series of paintings with a blonde woman sitting or lying down, for which Marie-Thérèse poses. Large retrospective exhibition in Paris (236 works) and in Zurich. Christian Zervos publishes the first volume of the catalog of Picasso's work (34 have appeared so far).


-1933: Etchings with the theme "The Sculptor's Workshop" that later will be in the "Suite Vollard" as well as drawings with the theme "Minotaur". He travels by car to Barcelona and there he meets his old friends. Out of fear of Olga's jealousy, he tries in vain to prevent the publication of a book about the memoirs of Fernande Olivier.


-1934: He continues to make etchings and sculptures. Take a trip to Spain with Olga and Paul to see bullfights (San Sebastián, Madrid, Toledo, Barcelona). Numerous works on the subject of bullfighting (in all techniques).


-1935: Paints "Interior with Girl Drawing"; from May to February 1936 he did not paint any more paintings. He records his most important cycle of aguefuertes "Minotauromaquia". Marie-Thérèse becomes pregnant; separates from Olga and Paul; the divorce is delayed because of the division of property. Picasso himself said: "the worst time of my life". On October 5, Picasso's second child was born, a girl, María Concepción, whom everyone calls Maya. His young friend Sabartés is now his secretary.


-1936: He exhibits his paintings in Barcelona, ​​Bilbao and Madrid. Works on the minotaur theme. On July 18 the Spanish civil war broke out. Picasso takes the side of the Republic. In token of their appreciation, the Republicans named him director of the Prado Museum. In August he moved to Mougins, where he met the Yugoslav photographer Dora Maar. In the autumn he gave the castle of Boisgeloup to Olga and he moved to Vollard's house. Marie-Thérèse follows him with Maya.


-1937: Records "Sueño y mentira de Franco". He settles in a new workshop at 7 Grands Augustins street. There, after the German air attack on Guernica (April 26), he paints a huge mural for the Spanish pavilion at the "Guernica" World Exhibition in Paris. In summer he portrays Dora Maar in Mougins. Visit Paul Klee in Bern. The Museum of Modern Art in New York buys "Les demoiselles d 'Avignon" for $ 24,000.


-1938: Paints various versions of Maya with a toy. Make a life-size collage "Woman in the Toilet". Spend the summer in Mougins with Dora. In winter he suffers a severe attack of sciatica.


-1939: His mother dies in Barcelona. On the same day he portrayed Dora Maar and Marie-Thérèse in the same pose. In July he moved with Dora and Sabartés to Antibes. Vollard's death. He paints "Night Fishing in Antibes", in which Dora appears with a bicycle eating ice cream. He settles in Royan, with Dora and Sabartés; later Marie-Thérèse and Maya also go. It remains there until August 1940. Great retrospective exhibition in New York with 344 works, including "Guernica".


-1940: In Royan he painted "Woman Combing Her Hair". The Germans enter Belgium and France; in June they occupy Royan. Return to Paris. He leaves the house on rue La Boétie and moves into his studio on rue Grands-Agustins. Distribute photos of the painting "Guernica" among the German officers. (Question: Have you done it? Picasso "No, you").


-1941: He wrote a surrealist work "The Desire Caught by the Tail". Marie-Thérèse and Maya go to live on Boulevard Henri IV; Picasso visits them on weekends. It is not possible for him to go to Boisgeloup, so he sets up a temporary sculpture workshop in the bathroom of his flat in Paris.


-1942: Paints "Still Life with Ox Skull". Vlaminck denounces him in a newspaper article. "Portrait of Dora Maar" with striped blouse.


-1943: He makes sculptures and assemblage "Cabeza de Toro". He meets the young painter Françoise Gilot, who visits him frequently in the workshop.


-1944: Max Jacob is arrested and dies in a concentration camp. Sculpture "The Man with the Lamb". Reading of the play "El Deseo".


Caught by the Tail "with the participation of Albert Camus, Simone de Beauvoir, Jean Paul Sartre, and Raymond Queneau, etc. After the liberation of Paris he joins the communist party. With 74 paintings he participates, for the first time, in the" Salon d 'Automne "receives strong criticism.


-1945: Paints "El Osario". Series of still lifes. In July he goes with Dora Maar to Antibes. He rents a room for Françoise in the vicinity, but she goes to Brittany. Buy a house for Dora in Ménerbes and pay with a still life. He began to make lithographs in the workshop of the printer Fernand Mourlot, in Paris (until 1949 he did 200 works).


-1946: Visit to Matisse in Nice, accompanied by Françoise. Picasso and Françoise become lovers and she goes to live with him. Paint Françoise. In July they go to Ménerbes together and live in Dora's house. Françoise is pregnant. The painter works at the Antibes Museum and after being there for four months he donates a large quantity of paintings to the museum, which will soon be called the Musée Picasso.


-1947: Makes lithographs in Mourlot's workshop. Give ten paintings to the Musée National d 'Art Moderne in Paris. On May 15, Claude, Picasso's third son, was born. He began to work with ceramics in the "Madoura" pottery owned by the Ramié couple. Until 1948 he carried out about 2000 jobs.


-1948: He settled with Françoise and Claude in the villa "La Galloise" in Vallauris. Participates in the Congress of Intellectuals of Breslau; visit with Krakau and Auschwitz. Ceramic exhibition in Paris. Portrait of Françoise.


-1949: The lithograph "La Paloma" is taken as a theme for the Peace Congress in Paris. On April 19 Paloma is born. He rents an old perfume factory in Vallauris and uses it as a workshop and warehouse for his ceramics. Sculptures


-1950: Paints "Women on the Bank of the Seine" by Courbet. He makes the sculptures: "The Goat" and "Woman with a Baby Carriage", made with waste products and cast in bronze. Attend the World Congress

de la Paz, in Sheffield. He is awarded the Lenin Peace Prize. In Vallauris he is named favorite son of the city.


-1951: Paints "Massacre in Korea", as a protest against the invasion of the North Americans. He leaves the house on rue La Boétie and moves to rue Gay-Lussac 9. Ceramics in Vallauris. Sculpture "Mandril con Cria". Retrospective exhibition in Tokyo.


-1952: Paints two large murals "La Guerra" and "La Paz" for the "Temple of Peace" in Vallauris. His relations with Françoise worsen.


-1953: Works in Vallauris. Large exhibitions are held in Rome, Lyon, Milan, and Sao Paulo. On the occasion of the death of Stalin, he makes a portrait that gives rise to controversies with the Communist Party. A series of busts and heads begins with Françoise as the model. Travel with Maya and Paul to Perpignan. There he meets Jacqueline Roque. Françoise moves to Calle Gay-Lussac 54.


-1954: He meets a young woman named Sylvette David. Portraits series. He does portraits of Jacqueline. He is in Vallauris with Françoise and the children, and also with Jacqueline. Travel to Perpignan with Maya and Paul. separates from Françoise, Jacuqleine goes to live with him. Matisse dies. (Picasso: "in reality only Matisse exists"). He begins his versions of Delacroix's "The Women of Algiers".


-1955: Olga Picasso dies in Cannes. Large retrospective exhibition in Paris (later in Munich, Cologne and Hamburg). Clouzot shoots the film "Le Mystère Picasso". The painter buys the villa "La California" in Cannes. Take more portraits of Jacqueline.

-1956: Series of paintings about the workshop, including "The La Californie Workshop in Cannes" and "Jacqueline in the Studio". Large bronze sculptures "The Bathers". Celebrate 75 years with the potters of Vallauris. Send a letter of protest to the Communist Party for the entry of the Russians into Hungary.


-1957: Exhibitions of his work in New York, Philadelphia and Chicago. At La Californie he performs 40 variations on Velázquez's "Las Meninas". He is commissioned a mural for the new UNESCO building in Paris.


-1958: the mural for UNESCO is finished: "The Fall of Icaro". Buy the castle of Vauvenargues near Aix-en-Provence; sometimes he goes to work there (between 1959 and 1961).


-1959: He paints at the castle of Vauvenargues. He begins his versions of "La merienda Campestre" by Monet. He is dedicated to engraving on linoleum.


-1960: Retrospective exhibition of 270 works at the Tate Gallery in London. Sketches with cardboard cutouts for large-scale metal sculptures.


-1961: he married Jacqueline Roque in Vallauris. settle in Notre-Dame-de-Vie, Picasso celebrates his 80 years in Vallauris. Works with painted and folded sheets.


-1962: Paints more than 70 portraits of Jacqueline. He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize again. performs a large number of linoleums. Scenic sets for the Paris ballet.


-1963: Variations on the portrait of Jacqueline. He paints a series of pictures on the theme "The Painter and the Model." The Picasso Museum of Barcelona is inaugurated. Braqué and Cocteau die.


-1964: Françoise Gilot's memoirs "Life with Picasso" appear, causing disagreements between Picasso and his children Paloma and Claude. Exhibitions are held in Canada and Japan. Sketches for a huge metal sculpture of "Woman's Head" for the Chicago Civic Center (exhibited in 1967).


-1965: Executes a series of paintings with the theme "The Painter to the Model", as well as landscape paintings. He underwent stomach surgery in Neuilly-sur-Seine; last trip to Paris.


-1966: Draws and paints again, after the operation; as of the summer he also dedicates himself to engravings. In Paris there is a large exhibition with more than 700 works that occupy the Grand Palaice and the Petit Palaice; Many sculptures from his private collection are also on display.


-1967: rejects his admission to the Legion of Honor. You have to vacate your workshop on Grand-Augustins Street. Exhibitions in London and New York.


-1968: Sabartés dies. Picasso donates 58 paintings, belonging to the series "Las Meninas", to the Museum of Barcelona. In seven months he made 347 etchings.


-1969: Numerous paintings: faces, couples, still lifes, nudes, men smoking.


-1970: Picasso makes a donation to the Museum of Barcelona of all the works that are in the possession of his family in Spain (works from his youth in Barcelona and La Coruña).


-1971: Celebrates his 90th birthday.


-1972: Draw a series of self-portraits. Makes donation to the New York Museum of Art from "Wire Construction" from 1928.


-1973: He died on April 8 in Mougins and was buried on April 10 in the Garden of the Castle of Vauvenargues.


-1979: A large part of the most important works in Picasso's private collection became the property of the French state as inheritance taxes.


-1980: The largest retrospective exhibition of Picasso is held, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the New York Museum of Art.


-1985: Inauguration of the Musée Picasso at the "Hotel Salé" in Paris (203 canvases, 191 sculptures, 85 ceramics, more than 3000 drawings and graphic works).

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